Diagnostics

Machine learning algorithms can comb population-level patient databases to find individuals who might benefit by treatment for depression.

Machine learning is no better than physicians at predicting acute kidney injury (AKI) in the ICU, where it’s a sign of poor outcomes ahead as soon as it appears. However, the AI approach can help mitigate physicians’ tendency to overestimate risks and overtreat low-risk patients.

One of the medical specialties highly hopeful in AI’s potential to guide care is neurosurgery. That’s because patients with traumatic brain injuries often present care teams and family members with an especially thorny decision. 

Patients whose blood glucose levels spike during surgery are at heightened risk for poor overall outcomes. A new AI tool has proven effective at predicting, prior to surgery, which patients will have the problem while under the knife.

Virtual reality isn’t quite there yet as a go-to screening tool for cognitive decline, but it can augment conventional methods. And senior citizens are open to its use for that purpose when it’s administered by their primary care doctor.

If geriatricians and primary care doctors could know which of their aging patients are at risk for Alzheimer’s disease, they could help these patients and their families prepare for what’s to come.

Allowing natural language processing to pore over disparate data stored in electronic health records, researchers in Canada have shown the AI-based technology can reveal real-world experiences and outcomes of patients with stage III breast cancer.

A Harvard-affiliated academic data science center is partnering with a major manufacturer of portable ultrasound systems to boost the diagnostic powers of point-of-care ultrasound, aka “POCUS,” using AI.

The venture arm of 32-hospital UnityPoint Health is partnering with VIDA Diagnostics, investing $1 million to fine-tune and broaden the use of VIDA’s AI software for flagging signs of trouble in lung images.

The power of AI in medicine has come to light in Alabama, where an 11-year-old in medical peril had the good fortune to have a dad who’s an AI-specialized computer programmer working in healthcare.

Medical-device giant Medtronic is partnering with Viz.ai to offer stroke centers capabilities for automatically flagging large vessel occlusions while the patient is still on the bed of a CT scanner.

A convolutional neural network (CNN) has beaten a team of 11 pathologists at diagnosing melanoma.